In 2003, Musharraf called for a ceasefire during the LoC. India endorsed his proposal and on 25 November put into effect a ceasefire agreement, the first formal ceasefire since the beginning of the insurgency in Kashmir. The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating into armed conflict, most recently during the 1999 Kargil war. In Operation Meghdoot in 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable Siachen Glacier region, where the border was not clearly defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was deemed too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan as a violation of the Simla agreement. Most of the deaths that followed in the Siachen conflict were caused by natural disasters, for example. B avalanches in 2010, 2012 and 2016. In 2001, at the invitation of Prime Minister Vajpayee, General Pervez Musharraf, then President of Pakistan, visited India on July 14-16 for a historic two-day summit in Agra. However, the talks failed and no text of agreement could be reached. (iii) Resignations shall commence from the entry into force of this Agreement and shall be concluded within thirty days.  What the Simla Agreement did not achieve for India could have been achieved through the 1973 Delhi Agreement, signed by India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. According to historian Ramachandra Guha, India wanted a “comprehensive treaty to resolve all outstanding issues,” while Pakistan preferred a “piecemeal approach.” Although India wanted a treaty, it got a deal because of the hard deals made by the Pakistanis. Since the situation required an agreement between Indian and Pakistani leaders Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the Pakistani president was invited to a summit in Simla during the last week of June 1972.
The summit is expected to result in a peace treaty that should allow for the withdrawal of troops and the return of prisoners of war after the 1971 war. The Simla Agreement reads more like a communiqué than a peace agreement with a country that had gone to war with India.